According to the Russian news agency, former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, who ended the Cold War but failed to avert the collapse of the Soviet Union, died on Tuesday at the age of 91. According to Sputnik News Agency, he died after a lengthy and terrible illness.
Mikhail Gorbachev was the United Union of Soviet Socialist Republics final leader (USSR). He was a youthful and vibrant soviet leader who wished to modernize the communist state along democratic lines by granting citizens some freedom.
When pro-democracy demonstrations spread across the Soviet Union and communist Eastern Europe in 1989, Gorbachev refused to use force.
He acknowledged Glasnost, or free expression, which had been brutally restricted during the previous administration. Gorbachev also initiated an economic reform program known as Perestroika or Restructuring, which was required since the Soviet economy was suffering from both hidden inflation and supply shortages. During his reign, the press and the creative community were guaranteed cultural liberties.
He instituted dramatic changes aimed at reducing political influence over the government system. Thousands of political prisoners and dissidents were liberated during his reign.
He is credited with the success of the nuclear disarmament treaty with the United States of America, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
According to The New York Times, Gorbachev’s first five years in authority were distinguished by notable successes. He presided over an arms treaty with the United States that removed an entire class of nuclear weapons for the first time and initiated the evacuation of most Soviet tactical nuclear weapons from Eastern Europe.
He withdrew Soviet soldiers from Afghanistan, implying that the 1979 invasion and nine-year occupation were a failure as to US media outlets.